I. The doctrine of Unconditional Election stated:
God chose certain individuals for salvation before the foundation of the world. His choice of particular sinners to be saved was based solely on His own purpose and desire, not being informed by a foreseen merit or response on the part of those selected.
II. The doctrine opened into its parts
A. Proof that God has an elect people, predestined to salvation.
1. “Blessed is the man whom You choose, and cause to approach You, that he may dwell in Your courts.” (Psalm 65:4)
2. “Nor does anyone know the Father except the Son, and he to whom the Son wills to reveal Him.” (Matthew 11:27)
3. “Many are called, but few are chosen.” (Matthew 22:14)
4. “The elect, whom He chose.” (Mark 13:20)
5. “And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose. For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son . . . Moreover whom He also predestined, these He also called; whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.” (Romans 8:28-30)
6. “Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord.” (Romans 16:14)
7. “For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ.” (I Thessalonians 5:9)
8. “They stumble, being disobedient to the word, to which they also were appointed. But you are a chosen generation . . . .” (I Peter 2:8-9)
9. “Those who are with Him are called, chosen and faithful.” (Revelation 17:14)
B. God’s choice was made before the foundation of the world.
1. “He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world.” (Ephesians 1:4)
2. “God from the beginning chose you for salvation, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth.” (II Thessalonians 2:13)
3. “God who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was given to us in Christ Jesus before time began.” (II Timothy 1:9)
C. God’s choice was not based upon any foreseen worthiness or merit in the chosen ones, nor was it based on any foreseen good works performed by them.
1. “(For the children not yet being born, nor having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works but of Him who calls), it was said to her, ‘The older shall serve the younger.’ As it is written, ‘Jacob I have loved, but Esau I have hated.’” (Romans 9:11-13)
2. “So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who shows mercy.” (Romans 9:16)
3. (See II Timothy 1:9 above.)
D. Good works are the result, not the basis, of election. “For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.” (Ephesians 2:10)
E. God’s choice was not based upon foreseen faith. Faith is the result and evidence of God’s election,not the cause or basis of His choice.
1. “Now when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad and glorified the word of the Lord. And as many had been appointed to eternal life believed.” (Acts 13:48)
2. “For to you it has been granted on behalf of Christ, not only to believe in Him, but also to suffer for His sake.” (Philippians 1:29)
F. One evidences his calling and election by faith and good works. – “My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.” (John 10:27)
G. God’s choice was based upon His own purpose and desire. It was God’s sovereign will and not man’s that determined which sinners would be shown mercy and saved.
1. “Is it not lawful for Me to do what I wish with My own things?” (Matthew 20:15)
2. “Even so then, at this present time there is a remnant according to the election of grace. And if by grace, then it is no longer of works; otherwise, grace is no longer grace. But if it is of works, it is no longer grace; otherwise, work is no longer work.” (Romans 11:5-6)
3. (See especially Romans 9:11-24)